Pigment, in the most simple terms means ‘colour’. We all have pigment in our skin. When there’s a noticeable discolouration from the rest of the skin such as a loss of pigment, it is called hypo-pigmentation, and when there is excess of pigment, it’s known as hyper-pigmentation.

Skin Pigmentation Treatment in Melbourne

The colour of the skin is determined by a pigment known as melanin. Melanin can be influenced by various factors such as the environment, hormones, and genetics, and each factor plays a role in determining the quantity, type, and distribution of melanin in the skin.

Pigmentation can be categorized as either epidermal (surface-level), dermal (deep-level), or a combination of both. Therefore, treatment plans for pigmentation that aim to diminish and enhance undesirable pigmentation are determined based on the type of pigmentation, the patient’s tolerance for risk (risk of PIHP), and the patient’s personal preferences.

When there is an excessive production of melanin, it forms clusters on the skin, resulting in pigmentation. The excess melanin accumulates in the skin, causing the affected area to appear darker. By undergoing appropriate pigmentation treatment at Bioscor in Melbourne, these patches can be significantly reduced in appearance. To understand the procedure for pigmentation treatment in Melbourne, it is essential to first comprehend the causes of skin pigmentation.

Some common causes of excessive skin pigmentation:

UV Radiation

Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or artificial sources like tanning beds can stimulate the production of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin colour. Overexposure to UV radiation can lead to an increase in melanin production, resulting in tanning or, in some cases, uneven skin pigmentation like sunspots or freckles.

Physical Trauma

Physical trauma to the skin, such as cuts, burns, acne breakouts, or inflammatory skin conditions, can trigger a process called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). In PIH, excess melanin is produced in response to the skin’s healing process, leading to darker patches or spots in the affected area.

Hormonal Pigmentation

Hormonal changes, particularly during pregnancy or while taking hormonal contraceptives, can influence melanin production. Conditions like melasma or chloasma often occur due to hormonal fluctuations and lead to dark patches on the face, typically around the cheeks, forehead, or upper lip.

Post-acne pigmentation

After an acne lesion heals, it may leave behind residual pigmentation known as post-acne pigmentation or acne scars. These can manifest as red or brown marks, and they occur due to the skin’s inflammatory response and increased melanin production during the healing process.


In fair skin tones, pigmentation called ephelides, or freckles are caused by genetics and are trigged by repeated sun exposure over time. Freckles can be hereditary.

Lack of folic acid

Folic acid, a form of vitamin B9, plays a role in healthy cell growth and function, including melanin production. Insufficient levels of folic acid in the body may result in alterations in skin pigmentation.


Certain medications, such as certain antibiotics, anti-seizure drugs, or chemotherapeutic agents, can cause changes in skin pigmentation as a side effect. These changes can vary from darkening or lightening of the skin to the appearance of blotchy patches.

How Bioscor Can Help with Pigmentation Treatment in Melbourne

Our team is highly trained and well equipped to address concerns related to skin pigmentation. We recognize that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating pigmentation, so we customize our treatment procedures to meet each patient’s specific needs..

From your initial consultation with our experienced professionals to the follow-up sessions after treatment, we closely monitor every step to ensure that you achieve the desired results. Before recommending a skin pigmentation treatment plan, our experts thoroughly study and analyze your case.

While some individuals may resort to home remedies for pigmentation issues, it is always advisable to seek guidance from an expert. Our specialists will assist you in selecting the appropriate line of pigmentation treatment procedures and recommend suitable skincare products for your maintenance and well-being.


Schedule an appointment with us today for a no obligation skin consultation and find out the most effective treatment for you.